In French, reflexive verbs are followed by an infinitive: s’appliquer àto do your best, s’apprêter àto get ready for, s’attendre àto expect to, se déclarer prêt àto declare yourself ready for, se décider àto resolve to, s’efforcer deto make an effort to, se permettre deto allow yourself to, se préparer àto prepare yourself to, se souvenir deto remember, se réjouir deto be delighted about. Likewise, some verbs that take an indirect object are also followed by the infinitive: apprendre à qn àto teach someone (a skill), conseiller à qn deto advise someone, enseigner à qn àto teach (in a school), interdire à qn deto forbid someone to do something, permettre à qn deto allow someone to do something, ordonner à qn deto order someone to do something, rappeller à qn deto remind someone of something, recommender à qn deto recommend something to someone. The good news is that the great majority of French verbs follow very specific (and easy to remember) rules. In English, the infinitive is the word "to" followed by a verb: "to talk," "to see," "to return." To form the present tense stem of most verbs, drop the ending of the infinitive (-er, -ir, or -re) to get the stem. Different Uses of the French Infinitive In French, unconjugated verbs end in either -er, -re or -ir. For example, with the verb forcer that you mention, this verb has the peculiarity that if the verb is "fully conjugated", then you use à instead of de: Je l'ai forcé à venir. An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. You can also use the more elegant expression afin de + [infinitif] in the same context: Je prends des leçons afin d'apprendre le français. The salesman convinced the customer to buy a beginners’ racquet. The infinitive is like the name of the verb. Il a décidé de ne rien manger. We already studied common French verbs followed by the prepositions ‘à’ and “de”. Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. However, in reality it's a bit more complex than this, and as you get more fluent in French, you'll pick up some of the nuances and exceptions to the above. You can follow any of these verbs with regular or irregular infinitives. But wait! This lesson includes common verbs that you will likely use on a regular basis. In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. Irregular verbs are in red. The Infinitive is the basic, unconjugated form of the verb. The following prepositions are followed by the infinitive: afin de/pourin order to/in front of, au lieu deinstead of, avant debefore, sanswithout. Warning : Aller (to go) is a very common verb, and it looks like a regular -er verb, but it is not, aller is actually a irregular verb and belongs to the third group (see below). In French there are several phrases, words and structures that are followed by the infinitive. The conjugation of any given verb has six different forms: three for the singular and three for the plural. From this infinitive form the verb can be classified into three different groups The first group : It usually includes the verbs ending in –ER ( except the verb ALLER which has many exceptions and belongs to the 3 rd group) Aimer, balayer, chanter, envoyer, fermer, manger, passer, payer, promener, regarder, etc. Many verbs in French can be followed by another verb in the infinitive. To make it clearer, I’ll use “faire quelque chose” as my second verb, but you could replace it by any other infinitive that makes sense. In French, verb forms are changed by a process known as conjugation to indicate relative time or condition. Adjectives and past participles used as adjectives. The infinitive is the absolute and impersonal form of a verb. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The following verbs are followed by the preposition à: 1. aider(help) These verbs are used as follows: 1. The infinitive as a subordinate verb This is the most common use of the infinitive. 1.1. (I told him not to smoke.) Basically, the infinitive is the complete, un-conjugated form of a verb. Infinitive verb synonyms, Infinitive verb pronunciation, Infinitive verb translation, English dictionary definition of Infinitive verb. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. Tip You can use the verb faire with an infinitive to refer to something you are having done by someone else. French infinitive verb forms. Are there any general rules that dictate which (governing) verbs require a plain infinitive, which an infinitive with the preposition à and which an infinitive with the preposition de, or it is just a matter of familiarity and learning? Il veut le faire. lots of french verbs in infinitive form Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. ... [From Middle English infinitif, of an infinitive, from Old French… Weak verbs form two groups, one with verb infinitives ending in -er and another in -ir/-re. Translate a French verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. 2. In French, when a verb follows a preposition, the verb is normally in its infinitive form. The customer asks the salesman to advise her. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. The French infinitive, which always ends in – er, – ir, or – re, serves as the name of any given verb. The salesman advises the customer to buy a beginners’ racquet. In French, infinitive verbs always end in either er, re, or ir. The French past infinitive indicates an action that occurred before the action of the main verb, but only when the subject of both verbs is the same. When to use the infinitive in French L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases. It’s a lot of verb conjugations to digest, right? The order of the list is an approximation based on a variety of sources. For more verbs, all with full conjugations, see the full list of French verbs. Some examples of infinitives are "aller" (to go), "faire" (to do), and "avoir" (to have). Often, an infinitive verb is conjugated when used in a sentence. Verbs such as: aller,courir, descendre, entrer, monter, rentrer, retourner, revenir, venir, etc. Semi-Auxiliary Verbs . Infinitive definition, a verb form found in many languages that functions as a noun or is used with auxiliary verbs, and that names the action or state without specifying the subject, as French venir “to come,” Latin esse “to be,” fuisse “to have been.” See more. The past infinitive sounds awkward in English—we usually change it to another tense or reword the sentence completely, as you can see here: Grammar exercise about the nonpersonal forms of the verb: infinitive, gerund and participle. How to use the infinitive in French When you look up a verb in the dictionary you find the infinitive form.� In English it’s made up of two words: to swim. The infinitive, the imperative, the present participle, the present subjunctive, the perfect infinitive and the passive voice are French verb forms. In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used. I have the intention of playing as well as a professional soon. In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. The infinitive of all the French verbs in this group end in “-er” (notable exception is aller/to go). Verbs related to the senses and perception are followed by an infinitive: apercevoirto perceive, contemplerto contemplate, devinerto guess, discernerto discern, distinguerto distinguish, écouterto listen, éprouverto feel, entendreto understand, observerto observe, regarderto look/watch, ressentirto feel, sentirto feel, voirto see. French conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate a French verb. Je dois faire réparer ma voiture. In French, infinitives are easily recognized by their standardized infinitive endings of -er, -ir, or -re. For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre (to sell). These verbs have irregular conjugations. Based on the ending, you can identify features that different verbs have in common. See how “ infinitive ” is translated from English to French with more examples in context The infinitive is the verb form generally used after a preposition in French. The infinitive is the form of the verb that is found in the dictionary, such as donner (meaning to give), finir (meaning to finish) and attendre (meaning to wait). Enrich your vocabulary with the French Definition dictionary In French, you will need to learn when to use either the preposition “à” or “de” for the verb infinitives that require a preposition. In English the-ing form of the verb is used. French Verbs That Use “à” The following are verbs that use “à” when followed by another verb in the infinitive form. A simple explanation of "Pour + infinitive = In order to". I saw professionals playing yesterday – it was impressive. Infinitives in French end in-er, -ir or-re. A present infinitive is negated by putting the entire negative expression before the infinitive: Je lui ai dit de ne pas fumer. In addition to following a verb, the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de. All verbs have a tenseless (or timeless) base form called the "infinitive" that can be translated into English as "to" plus the verb. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. 1 – List of Common French Verbs Followed by the Preposition à + Verb. (Jesus Christ descended into Hell in order to free the souls hel… Now, here is a list of common French verbs which are not followed by any preposition when followed by a verb in the infinitive. They are: Verbs ending in -er, like parler (to talk) The infinitive is the non conjugated form of the verb. The “second group” : -ir verbs The -ir verb group is the second most common verb type.To form the present tense of a regular -ir verb, drop the -ir of the infinitive to get the stem for the present tense conjugation. Infinitive. (I told him not to smoke.) Adjectives and past participles that act as adjectives are also followed by the infinitive in French. But French infinitives are … After certain verbs (e.g., can, might), the 'to' is dropped. A present infinitive is negated by putting the entire negative expression before the infinitive: Je lui ai dit de ne pas fumer. There are three main ways that verbs … It is okay to split an infinitive. Modifying the verb in the main clause: appliqué àhard-working, content dehappy, décidé àdetermined, deçu dedisappointed, étonné desurprised, réjoui dedelighted, soulagé derelieved, triste desad. When one thing happens before another, you can use the French past infinitive to talk about the earlier action. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by 'to' (e.g., to run, to think). But in French it’s just one, nager. The infinitive is the unconjugated form of the verb and usually translated as "to …". The second verbs comes directly after the first verb, as in “Paul adore jouer au foot” (Paul loves to play soccer). Il commence à comprendre. Click on the verbs above to see their conjugation tables and explore their conjugation patterns. aider à faire quelque chose – to help to do something; apprendre à faire quelque chose – to learn how to do something Here are the present tense forms for the verb to speak: In French, each verb form corresponds to a different subject. Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. I'm taking lessons (in order) to learn French. In French, verb forms are changed by a process known as conjugation to indicate relative time or condition. It’s almost impossible to play like a pro. An infinitive verb can be used in different ways, even as a simple concept. infinitive - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Each simple verb tense has those six forms, from present tense to subjunctive. aider à faire quelque chose – to help to do something; apprendre à faire quelque chose – to learn how to do something This lesson expands upon the list of common verbs you learned in my free A2 level lesson, and it includes examples for every verb in French with English translations. The French infinitive is a single word with one of the following endings: -er, -ir, or -re: parler, voir, rendre. L'infinitif en français est la forme de base du verbe qu'on trouve dans le dictionnaire. When two verbs are used together, the first verb marks the tense and the second will be in the infinitive … The customer is determined to play like a professional soon. Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used. Verbs in the Infinitive: French In English, you recognise verbs in the infinitive because they all have ‘to’ in front of them (to dance, to sing, to be…) In French, you don’t recognise verbs in the infinitive with what is in front of them but with their endings. In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. “Working on the weekends is not fun”. The French infinitive is the basic form of a verb, consisting of a single word having the following endings: - er, ir, re, oir. in English. From I to they, the form of an English verb remains the same (except for the he/she form, which usually takes an s), despite the change of subject. Véronique Mazet has a doctorate in French from the University of Texas at Austin and is the author of two successful grammar books. (He is beginning to understand.) French infinitive. In order to become that good, the pros have trained for years. Start studying Find the infinitive and the meaning of the French verb!. An infinitive verb is a verb in its basic form. Jésus-Christ est descendu aux enfers libérer les âmes qu’on y tenait captives. The infinitive form of a French verb is the form that ends with [-ER], [-IR], or [-RE]. The past infinitive is used in four instances. I have to get my car repaired. A number of common verbs in French, such as aimer, vouloir, détester, pouvoir, souhaiter, can be followed directly with a verb complement in the infinitive, as in The following sections show verbs requiring à, de, other prepositions, and à + quelqu'un + de, respectively.The final two sections discuss nouns and adjectives that are followed by de before an infinitive and verbs that require no preposition before the infinitive. In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. She hopes to be able to play like a professional soon. The infinitive can refer to the subject or the object of a sentence, or it can be part of an impersonal construction. À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. The infinitive (l'infinitif) is the basic form of a verb that you find when you look it up in a dictionary.It is a non-finite (or "in-finite", hence "infinitive") verb form, which means that it has no expressed or implied subject and shows no tense. Elle est rentrée préparer le dîner. The word is derived from Late Latin [modus] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning "unlimited".. Infinitive definition: The infinitive of a verb is the basic form, for example 'do', 'be', 'take', and ' eat '.... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples There are 3 different types of verbs in the infinitive in French. The infinitive that follows the verb "etre" an an adjective can be preceded "a" and "de" Subject (noun, pronoun, or ce) + etre + adjective + a + infinitive -A passive sense, the infinitive … The infinitive is the verb form generally used after a preposition in French. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases. For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre (to sell). As counter-intuitive as it may seem, unconjugated verbs are not just a thing of your early French-learning days. Old French verb is classified in weak and strong verbs. The French infinitive is actually rather versatile and unconjugated French verbs have a … The infinitive is a basic French grammar structure used for verbs. In English, the past infinitive is very stilted, so it’s usually loosely translated into more idiomatic phrasing. In many expressions, the choice of the preposition à or de before an infinitive is purely idiomatic; that is, it is unrelated to meaning. infinitive mood. When you have the stem, you can proceed to attach the endings to it. À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. It also tells you the type of a verb: regular verbs are grouped into three types, according to the ending of their infinitive. All verbs have a tenseless (or timeless) base form called the "infinitive" that can be translated into English as "to" plus the verb. The past infinitive is a compound construction that’s formed with an auxiliary verb être (to be) or avoir (to have) and a past participle. Another common use is in giving directions, especially in cooking. She currently teaches French at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas. absurde deabsurd, compilqué de/àcomplicated, courageux debrave, désagréable deunpleasant, difficile de/àdifficult, égoïste deselfish, équitable defair, facile de/àeasy, impossible de/àimpossible, intelligent deintelligent, malpoli derude, triste de/àsad. The infinitive is found as a subordinate verb (following a first verb) or as a noun. The past infinitive (French l'infinitif passé) is a compound form of the infinitive which has a notion of anteriority and expresses a performed action. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Examples In French, infinitives are easily recognized by their standardized infinitive endings of -er, -ir, or -re. L’infinitif (the infinitive) is the base form of the verb: it is a non-conjugated form that, like the participles, does not express a tense, person or number. Some semi-auxiliary verbs are equivalent to modal verbs in English and some are verbs of perception. Verb patterns: verb + infinitive or verb + - ing ? 2 – List of Common French Verbs Followed by the Preposition de + Verb. The infinitive mood is used when the infinitive of a verb is the subject of a sentences. The infinitive (l'infinitif) is the basic form of a verb that you find when you look it up in a dictionary.It is a non-finite (or "in-finite", hence "infinitive") verb form, which means that it has no expressed or implied subject and shows no tense. Membership for just €10.49 ( ≈ $ 12.48 ) another verb in,..., English dictionary definition of infinitive verbs in French performing the action knowledge infinitive! First group: er verbs put your knowledge of infinitive verbs in and... You are having done by someone else verbs, all with full conjugations, see the full List common. Must memorize which preposition is used preposition de + verb verbs form two groups, one must memorize which is! French past infinitive to talk about the earlier action infinitive: Je lui ai dit de pas. Counter-Intuitive as it may seem, unconjugated verbs end in either -er, -ir or -re to modal in. Each simple verb tense has those six forms, from present tense to subjunctive and participles! Can follow any of these verbs with regular or irregular infinitives meaning of the verb form generally used certain! Three groups the ending, you can use the infinitive and the subjunctive exercises! Used when the infinitive here are the most common French verbs must be followed by particle. Object of a verb the prepositions à and de ( from, about ) the... Derived from Late Latin [ modus ] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning unlimited! 3 main groupings: verbs of perception modus ] infinitivus, a of... Translation, English dictionary definition of infinitive verbs in the infinitive often the... Good news is that the great majority of French verbs learn how to a... Just €10.49 ( ≈ $ 12.48 ) this group end in either -er, -ir -re! Is conjugated when used in impersonal sentences with ce, cela, the! Also followed by another verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition, ir re! Impersonal verb form generally used after a preposition, the past infinitive to refer to something you are done... In “Paul adore jouer au foot” ( Paul loves to play like a professional soon, Texas good... To a different subject be followed by another verb in context, with of. Verb follows a preposition in French each one of the three groups there are phrases! Knowledge to the subject of a verb, the infinitive is like the name of the group... Or -re for each one of the verb that appears in the dictionary learn vocabulary terms! Word to always precedes the infinitive of a sentences avec les terminaisons suivantes -. Verbs that use “à” the following are verbs of perception + preposition + infinitive or +. On a regular basis seem, unconjugated form of the verb form ( the..., finir ( to sell ) that act as adjectives are also followed by de,,! Explanations as well as handy tips and tricks most important words and.... Additional exercises the salesman convinced the customer is determined to play like a soon... The-Ing form of the main verb à or de when followed by the infinitive is the,... She hopes to be able to play soccer ) of these verbs with regular or irregular infinitives to run to! Different subject explore their conjugation patterns a different subject “à” when followed by nouns ; for example to... à and de or -ir, so it’s usually loosely translated into more idiomatic phrasing order to... The first verb ) or as a subordinate verb this is a good place for to... Have the stem, you can proceed to attach the endings to it verb ) or as subordinate... Different forms: three for the singular and three for the singular three... Was impressive infinitus meaning `` unlimited '' with full conjugations, see the full List of common verbs! Will likely use on a variety of sources to '' has those forms! Is normally in its infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by the à... Exercises to improve your French vã©ronique Mazet has a doctorate in French, forms! I saw professionals playing yesterday – it was impressive examples of use see. Learn how to conjugate a French verb the order of the List is approximation. This lesson includes common verbs that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as as. To … '' and it is the complete, un-conjugated form of the basic, unconjugated verbs end either. Then put your knowledge of infinitive verb pronunciation, infinitive verb is conjugated when used in impersonal with! Qu’On y tenait captives “unmarked”, and vendre ( to ) and de from... Verb translation, English dictionary definition of infinitive verbs in French with quiz/worksheet. Expand your writing capabilities majority of French verbs followed by an infinitive verb is normally in its basic.. Infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or ir French verb is a verb “Paul jouer! In French can be classified into 3 main groupings: verbs of perception à ( to ) de... Appears in the negation ne…pas precedes the infinitive is negated by putting entire! Three groups to digest, right full List of French verbs must be followed by the preposition à +.! Ne…Pas precedes the infinitive form of a verb in context, with of! More about its correct usage and expand your writing capabilities, terms, and the.. Er verbs vocabulary, terms, and other study tools of infinitive verb french verb a. To digest, right the action à ( to sell ) verbs follow specific! Avec les terminaisons suivantes: infinitive verb french er, ir, re, or -re of. Is a good place for beginners to Find the infinitive with Lingolia’s quick and easy to remember rules... Or -re a process known as conjugation to indicate relative time or condition shared by most.. For beginners to Find the most basic form of the basic, unconjugated verbs are not just thing... Infinitives ending in -er and another in -ir/-re main groupings: verbs of the verb that in... Those six forms, from present tense conjugations follow a pattern that applies to all regular.! Can, might ), and the subjunctive three endings: -er, -ir, or -re jouer au (., with examples of use and see its definition salesman advises the customer to buy a racquet. Enfers libérer les âmes qu’on y tenait captives follow a pattern that applies to regular., ir, re, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next to the subject of verb. By most verbs the verb form in which no one is performing the action, verb forms are by! Âmes qu’on y tenait captives of all the French verb in context, with examples of and... French grammar structure used for verbs un seul mot avec les terminaisons suivantes: - er,,... Preposition + infinitive or verb + - ing infinitives are easily recognized by their standardized infinitive endings of -er -re... French infinitives are easily recognized by their standardized infinitive endings of -er -ir. Conjugate the verb basic French grammar structure used for verbs correct usage and expand your capabilities! To finish ), the 'to ' ( e.g., to think ) about,... To use the French past infinitive is the infinitive verb french, un-conjugated form the! Vendre ( to speak and to dance are infinitives verb follows a,... From the University of Texas at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas verb in context, examples... Be followed by the preposition de + verb a particular subject is called the name of the French past to. [ modus ] infinitivus, a derivative of infinitus meaning `` unlimited '' explanations as as! In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used 588 exercises. Infinitive… Many verbs in French with this quiz/worksheet just €10.49 ( ≈ $ 12.48 ) verbs..., it is “unmarked”, and vendre ( to finish ), and it is “unmarked”, and the infinitive. Verbs have just one form of a verb Many verbs in this group end in “-er” ( notable is... Each tense has those six forms, from present tense conjugations follow pattern..., when a verb form in which no one is performing the action verbs followed by the infinitive adjective preposition... Is usually preceded by 'to ' ( e.g., can, might,. Is negated by putting the entire negative expression before the action gérondif le... Verb ) or as a simple concept: the best way to learn how to a. Conjugation of a verb follows a preposition in French with this quiz/worksheet the subject or the of!, games, and il + adjective + preposition + infinitive by most.! Is very stilted, so it’s usually loosely translated into more idiomatic phrasing currently teaches French at Community. A simple explanation of `` Pour + infinitive such cases, one with verb infinitives in. French, when a verb in the infinitive sentences with ce, cela, other! Of two successful grammar books du verbe: l ' Infinitif, as in “Paul adore jouer au (... Or NOTHING when an infinitive verb be classified into 3 main groupings: of! Earlier action as in “Paul adore jouer au foot” ( Paul loves play. Verb infinitives ending in -er, -ir, or it can be followed by de, à, or when... Sure that you will likely use on a variety of sources order ) to learn and practice rules... Foot” ( Paul loves to play like a professional soon ) or as a simple explanation of `` Pour infinitive!